Arjuna Temple, a relic of Hindu civilization in the Ancient Mataram Kingdom, was founded in the 8-9th century AD Geographically, Arjuna Temple is located in Banjarnegara Regency, Central Java. At present Arjuna Temple has become one of the tourism destinations in the Dieng highlands of Banjarnegara. Arjuna Temple Entered the Tourist Area of the Arjuna Temple Complex which includes, Arjuna Temple, Semar Temple, Srikandi Temple, Puntadewa Temple and Sembadra Temple.
Arjuna Temple is located in Dieng Kulon Village, Batur District, Banjarnegara Regency
Arjuna Temple is estimated to be built in the 8th century AD, this temple was built for worship for Hindus in the ancient Mataram Sanjaya dynasty. The divorce in Dieng is evidence of the spread of the oldest Hindu religion in Java.
This temple was rediscovered in 1807 AD by British soldiers who were traveling to explore the second mountain area and arrived at the Dieng plateau. When it was first rediscovered the Arjuna Temple area was submerged under water from the overflowing Balekambang lake, in 1804 by British soldiers who were exploring Dieng. Cornelius, a Corps of Engineers assigned by Raflles to inspect the remains of architecture in the Dieng area that had never been visited by tourists before, in his official record wrote about 40 Washing Groups within 3 weeks of his research in Dieng.
The discovery of the dieng ensemble was then forwarded by Y Van Kinsbergen with efforts to drain in 1957 and continued with data collection and shooting of the Dieng area in 1864 AD
Currently the divorce in Dieng is managed by the Center for Preservation of Cultural Heritage (BPCB) of Central Java Province, which also collaborates with the Banjarnegara Regency Government.
Arjuna Temple has a square measuring 6×6 m. This temple faces west. This temple is included in the Arjuna Temple Complex, where inside the temple complex there are 5 temples, Arjuna Temple, Semar Temple, Srikandi Temple, Puntadewa Temple, and Sembadra Temple
The temple was erected on a foundation of soft soil like peat. The foundation here means compaction of the land under the temple, to strengthen the land before the temple was erected.
As is usually the case of Old Classical Temples, the temple’s feet are decorated with framing, as well as the lower part of the temple’s body. However, Arjuna Temple and other Dieng Temples do not have a round frame (kumuda), only a flat frame and lotus frame (bell side). The body walls of the Arjuna Temple are decorated by 3 niches on 3 sides which are now empty with no statues. The top part of the niche is each decorated with a head ornament without chin, and is associated with a pair of makara by a niche frame. The temple door to the west, with decorative ornaments on the head at the same time, and connected by a door frame and cheek stairs to a pair of makara decorated by parrots in their gaping mouths.
The temple entrance and its relays are decorated by Kala Makara. The temple building is divided into 3 (three) parts, the foot of the temple (Bhurloka), the body part of the temple (Bhurwaloka), and the roof of the temple (Swarloka).
At the temple body there were 5 relugs. Two relays are in the west (on the right and left of the temple entrance). And each one on the part, south, north, and east. Under the relug there are statues, this shows that the statues of gods and goddesses were found in these religions, but now these statues no longer exist. In the northern part of the temple under the relug there is a water channel that functions to drain water from the yoni spout, so that the people who did worship outside the temple (caste other than brahmana) could accept the holy water. This channel is called Jalamatra.
The roof of the temple consists of three layers (bhumi), the size of which rises up and down smaller and ends with a peak that may be keben fruit (ratna). This possibility was proposed after seeing the decoration on the corners of the roof-shaped temple replica. Certainty of form cannot be submitted, because the roof has been damaged. The peak of the temple is not stupika (dagoba), because Arjuna Temple and Dieng Temple are entirely Shiva religious, and not Buddhist. The roof shape of the Arjuna Temple is similar to the roof of a South Indian style temple (Dravidian style).
In 1924 a Dutch archaeologist had examined the Arjuna Temple, and in his opinion, the size and parts of Arjuna Temple clearly followed the rules of Vastusastra. The decoration is very simple, the roof of the temple is filled with decorative ornaments (cymbals), and Kala-makara decorations on the temple door and the three niches on the temple body. The frame of this door at the bottom is connected with the cheek of the stair that curves to the left and right of the entrance stairs. The middle room (garbhagrha) has been empty, it used to be filled with Shiva statues which may now be stored in the Jakarta National Museum. The Yoni pedestal is still in the room now.
. This also shows that Arjuna Temple is one of the earliest built temples, because its architectural style is still much affected from the area of origin of Hindus, namely India.